Don't ID as Asian for College

High-achieving Asian-American students are being shut out of top schools around the country. Is this what diversity looks like now?

No Longer Separate No Longer Equal Asian American Discrimination Applying to College JadeLuckClub Jade Luck Club

No Longer Separate No Longer Equal Asian American Discrimination Applying to College JadeLuckClub Jade Luck Club I am posting a series of articles on the issue of Asian Americans who apply to elite private colleges because it seems that there is a “ceiling” on Asian Americans.

This article references Professor Mitchell Chang whose op-ed article I posted last week. It’s here.

There is argument that Asian Americans are over-represented because with a population of 5.6%, we make up around 17% of Ivy League colleges. I’m not so sure this is something to accept quietly. What about you? What do you think?

All my posts on this issue are here in a category off the navigation bar called Don’t ID as Asian When Applying to College.

I will be posting an article that I’ve found on this topic once a week for the next several months. For anyone who feels that this is an incorrect assessment of what is happening with regard to Asian Americans who apply to elite colleges, I welcome your comments and links to relevant research or articles. I am happy to post rebuttals.

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4/17/11 Boston Globe MagazineCompetitive disadvantage.  College Confidential.High-achieving Asian-American students are being shut out of top schools around the country. Is this what diversity looks like now?”

by Jon Marcus

Grace Wong has felt the sting of intolerance quite literally, in the rocks thrown at her in Australia, where she pursued a PhD after leaving her native China. In the Boston area, where she’s lived since 1996, she recalls a fellow customer at the deli counter in a Chestnut Hill supermarket telling her to go back to her own country. When Wong’s younger son was born, she took a drastic measure to help protect him, at least on paper, from discrimination: She changed his last name to one that doesn’t sound Asian.

“It’s a difficult time to be Chinese,” says Wong, a scientist who develops medical therapies. “There’s a lot of jealousy out there, because the Chinese do very well. And some people see that as a threat.”

Wong had these worries in mind last month as she waited to hear whether her older son, a good student in his senior year at a top suburban high school, would be accepted to the 11 colleges he had applied to, which she had listed neatly on a color-coded spreadsheet.

The odds, strangely, were stacked against him. After all the attention given to the stereotype that Asian-American parents put enormous pressure on their children to succeed – provoked over the winter by Amy Chua’s controversial Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother – came the indisputable reality this spring that, even if Asian-American students work hard, the doors of top schools were still being slammed shut in many faces.

And parents aren’t happy about it. “The entry barriers are higher for us than for everybody else,” says Chi Chi Wu, one of the organizers of the Brookline Asian American Family Network. “There’s a form of redlining or holding Asian-American students to higher standards than any other group.”

Although Asian-Americans represent less than 5 percent of the US population (and slightly more than 5 percent in Massachusetts), they make up as much as 20 percent of students at many highly selective private research universities – the kind of schools that make it into top 50 national rankings. But, critics charge, Asian-American students would constitute an even larger share if many weren’t being filtered out during the admissions process. Since the University of California system moved to a race-blind system 14 years ago, the percentage of Asian-American students in some competitive schools there has reached 40, even 50 percent. On these campuses, the so-called “model minority” is becoming the majority.

High-achieving Asian-Americans may be running into obstacles precisely because they work so hard. Mitchell Chang, an Asian-American studies professor at the University of California at Los Angeles, suggests that the attention given Chua’s book will only make things worse. “Her characterization can further tax Asian-American college applicants by reducing the chances that they will be viewed as self-starters, risk takers, and independent thinkers – attributes that are often favored by admissions officers but rarely associated with Asian-American applicants,” Chang wrote in a January Op-Ed in The Sacramento Bee.

Even though the Supreme Court ruled in 2003 that universities can continue to consider race in admissions in the interest of diversity, admissions officers deny they’re screening out Asian-Americans. However, in researching their 2009 book No Longer Separate, Not Yet Equal, Princeton sociologist Thomas Espenshade and researcher Alexandria Walton Radford examined data on students applying to college in 1997 and found what looks like different standards for different racial groups. They calculated that Asian-Americans needed nearly perfect SAT scores of 1550 to have the same chance of being accepted at a top private university as whites who scored 1410 and African-Americans who got 1100. Whites were three times, Hispanics six times, and blacks more than 15 times as likely to be accepted at a US university as Asian-Americans.

What about the argument that, in relation to the general population, Asian-Americans are already overrepresented at universities? “It’s both true that Asians are overrepresented and that they’re being discriminated against,” says Stephen Hsu, a professor of physics at the University of Oregon who speaks out against discrimination he says Asian-Americans face in university admissions. Both things can happen at the same time, he says.

Hsu and others allege that universities are more concerned about boosting black and Hispanic enrollment than admitting qualified Asian-Americans, and that old-fashioned xenophobia comes into play as well.

“My personal perspective is that if institutions are using race to keep Asian-American students out, it’s based on a fear [among non-minorities] that these ‘other’ students are taking over our institutions or taking ‘our spots’ at the best institutions,” says Sam Museus, a professor in the Asian-American studies program at the University of Massachusetts at Boston.

At Harvard, the overall acceptance rate for the incoming class of 2015 was 6.2 percent, a record low. William Fitzsimmons, dean of admissions and financial aid, says that among different racial groups, there are “not radical differences” in the proportions of students who got in.

“We’re looking for excellence, first and foremost. And there’s excellence in every community in America and certainly lots of excellence within each one of the minority communities,” Fitzsimmons says. “We would not be doing our jobs if we were not looking for the best applicants from a wide variety of backgrounds.”

Asian-Americans represent 17.8 percent, or 383, of the students admitted to Harvard last month, which is up from 14.1 percent a decade ago. During the last five years, however, the proportion there and at other Ivies has remained relatively flat or increased only slightly, even after an Asian-American student at Yale filed a federal complaint in 2006 against Princeton, where he applied but was not accepted, alleging it discriminated against him because of his race. Despite perfect SAT scores and nine Advanced Placement courses, the student said he was also rejected by Harvard, Stanford, the University of Pennsylvania, and MIT. (That complaint has not been resolved, a US Department of Education spokesman says.)

By contrast, at California’s competitive – and race-blind – state schools, Asian-Americans are much better represented: 52 percent of the student population at the University of California at Irvine, 40 percent at Berkeley, and 37 percent at UCLA. (The ban on admissions committees considering race was upheld by a federal judge in December.)

The difference suggests that, where considering race is allowed, elite universities may be handicapping Asian-American applicants. “They just all sort of magically end up with under 20 percent Asian students,” Hsu says. One Princeton lecturer has asked if that number represents the “Asian ceiling.”

This issue has gotten some recent attention in the United States, but much more across the border in Canada, where it stirred a national controversy in the fall when students in a Maclean’s article asked whether Canadian universities were becoming, as the headline put it, “Too Asian?” With spiraling Asian enrollments, the magazine reported, Canadian universities were becoming “so academically focused that some [non-Asian] students feel they can no longer compete or have fun.” Some white students told Maclean’s they wouldn’t choose the University of Toronto because it has so many Asians. “You can’t really overestimate the power of stereotypes,” Museus says. (A university spokeswoman reports it hasn’t seen a backlash.)

In the end, Wong’s son got into most of the colleges he applied to, including Boston University, UMass-Amherst, Ithaca College, and Drexel University. But other Asian-American high school seniors in this singularly competitive corner of the country – not only the children of middle- and upper-income parents in Brookline and other expensive suburbs, but also sons and daughters of low-income families such as Southeast Asian refugees in cities including Lowell – have had a traumatic spring.

“These kids are getting pretty immense pressure from their families, because there is some truth to the idea that Asian families value education highly as a way of progress and success,” says Museus. “Then they’re getting pressure from this competitive environment that exists around Boston. On top of that, they’re getting pressure from this stereotype, which sets up the expectation that they always have to be the best. The pressure does facilitate success, up to a certain point. But it also gets to a point where it makes them feel that they can’t do anything right.”

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12 Responses to “High-achieving Asian-American students are being shut out of top schools around the country. Is this what diversity looks like now?”

  1. On July 29, 2011 at 11:40 am Sunny responded with... #

    Mia,

    You’ve presented an interesting set of articles.

    Discrimination likely exists for psychological and political reasons.

    In many ways some of the same things are extended into the work place.

    In a past personal experience the work hard ethic can be a detriment in North American culture relative to one’s co-workers – even if it gets results.

    Regards,
    Sunny Lam

    Consultant
    W:  http://www.sunnylam.ca
    LinkedIn: http://ca.linkedin.com/in/sunnylam/

    • On August 3, 2011 at 9:07 pm

      admin

      responded with... #

      To Sunny,
      I will be posting articles on this topic weekly for quite some time as I’ve found a lot. I’m trying to get the word out to the AAPI community. Thanks for sharing your perspective.

      • On March 10, 2012 at 5:10 pm

        Vik

        responded with... #

        Education should be race neutral. Those who cannot afford to study may receive financial or educational assistance, but not a reserved seat at an elite institution. That is clear discrimination and not exactly equal opportunity. My son just got rejected at Cal Tech. Perfect score on ACT, 2370 on SAT, as well as a lot of other achievements such as a black belt in karate, 3 times national champion in karate for his age group,pianist, top in school for several activities such as math team, scholastic bowl Teaneck, Latin (with perfect scores) etc etc. And this so called race neutral college did not think he was a suitable candidate for them!! YES, he did mention him being “Asian ” in his application.
        I myself had to struggle quite a bit being a foreigner and had to prove myself 5 times better than others to gain same recognition! This is a sad affair and needs to be fought to the end.

        • On March 15, 2012 at 12:01 pm admin responded with... #

          To Vic,
          I am in complete agreement with you!

  2. On August 11, 2011 at 3:36 pm

    Min Ko

    responded with... #

    Asian Americans are over-represented because this is America and not china.

    • On August 18, 2011 at 10:21 pm

      admin

      responded with... #

      To Min Po,
      Realize that Jews were shut out of Ivy Leagues 60 years ago. Now they are categorized as Caucasian and though around 1.5 percent of the population, make up about 30 percent of students at some of the Ivy League colleges.

  3. On August 11, 2011 at 3:41 pm

    Min Ko

    responded with... #

    This is not about to keep Asians but let other ethnic groups in.
    Ethnic and cultural diversity!

    • On August 18, 2011 at 10:29 pm

      admin

      responded with... #

      To Min Po,
      I can see that you really believe in ethnic diversity but there are other wrinkles to Affirmative Action. 1) it was created to help African Americans who are descendants of slaves. Now many colleges are recruiting more heavily from new immigrants who are black to fill their quota goals. 2) Affirmative Action doesn’t distinguish by socio economics. I don’t think a fifth generation say Asian American is the same as a political refugee from say Laos. Right now the fifth generation Asian American will bump out those who need the assistance the most.

      Affirmative Action has simply no longer really applies as Americans racially intermarry more and more. A policy based on socio economics would still help minority groups such as African Americans who need it as well as not arbitrarily lump all Asians into one group as if are all the same. we are not.

  4. On August 11, 2011 at 3:56 pm

    Min Ko

    responded with... #

    Stop spread the word that this is discrimination.
    This is normal admission process to ensured equal representation among regions and ethnic groups.

  5. On August 11, 2011 at 9:56 pm

    marina

    responded with... #

    Asian-American are over-represented (compared to their percentage of all Americans) in every category.

    • On August 18, 2011 at 10:49 pm

      admin

      responded with... #

      To Marina,
      My question is why should admissions be based on ethnicity and not as individuals?

  6. On May 16, 2014 at 10:41 am

    Coconut Cracking

    responded with... #

    Plenty of places get Asians from abroad and shut out Asian Americans. It is called the “coconut cracking phenomenon”. When African Americans and Hispanics crack coconuts or crush twinkies, it is called the racist rainbow.

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